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Bobby Ray Inman

Bobby Ray Inman was involved in the International Signal and Control (ISC) Scandal. Inman was alleged to be one of the Majority 12 during the Reagan administration (Lear).


Inman served as Director of Naval Intelligence from September 1974 to July 1976, then moved to the Defense Intelligence Agency where he served as vice director until 1977. He next became the director of the National Security Agency. Inman held this post until 1981. His last major position was as the deputy director of Central Intelligence, a post he held from February 12, 1981 to June 10, 1982.

While simultaneously acting as the NSA director and the CIA deputy director in early 1981, he modernized the collection process by setting up a joint facility in College Park, Maryland. According to Budiansky, Inman did so by "sending memos back and forth to himself approving his solutions."[1]Template:Rp

International Signal and Control (ISC) Scandal[]

In 1994, Bobby Ray Inman requested to be withdrawn from consideration as Defense Secretary. His critics speculated that the decision was motivated by a desire to conceal his links to International Signal and Control (ISC). Inman was a member of the board of directors of the company, which was allegedly either negligent or approved illegal exports.[2]

Originally called ESI (Electronic Systems International), the company manufactured sub-assemblies for the AGM-45 Shrike and RIM-7 Sea Sparrow missiles in 1974, and just after the Vietnam war which was part of a standard arms contract for the US defense administration (DCAS). The company also had a commercial repair facility of two meter portable amateur ("ham") radios from a company in New Jersey called Clegg,[3] and manufactured communications helmet radios for firemen, and electronic outdoor bug zappers.

ISC was involved in two major indiscretions, for which CEO James Guerin received a 15-year prison sentence:

  • It defrauded and caused the collapse of the British company Ferranti, which acquired it in 1987.[4]
  • It exported classified military technology to South Africa, which was then forwarded to third countries, notably Iraq.

From 1984 to 1988, ISC sent South Africa more than $30 million in military-related equipment, including telemetry tracking antennae to collect data from missiles in flight, gyroscopes for guidance systems, and photo-imaging film readers, all of which would form the "backbone" of a medium-range missile system. Some of this technology was reportedly transferred to Iraq.[5] Another link to Iraq was the supply of the specifications for the Mk 20 Rockeye II cluster bomb through Chilean defense company Cardoen Industries, which was able to build an almost identical weapon that was subsequently used against coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War of January–February 1991.[6]


  1. Budiansky, Stephen (2016). Code Warriors. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 297–301. ISBN 9780385352666. 
  2. Bobby Ray Inman and South Africa
  3. "RigPix Database - Clegg - FM-DX". 
  4. 1992/93 UK Parliament: House of Commons document: HC 28 Serious Fraud Office. Annual report 5 April 1991 to 4 April 1992
  5. "South Africa's Nuclear Autopsy". The Risk Report 2 (1). January–February 1996. Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. 
  6. "Chile, Cardoen Industries". March 1994.