Frank Olson (1910-1953) in uniform, served as a captain in the U.S. Army Chemical Corps.[1]

The Death of Frank Olson became a major lead for investigators to become aware of MKUltra.[2] He was killed on November 28, 1953 in Manhattan, New York.[3]

Conspiracy[edit | edit source]

Frank Olson was recruited as a civilian bacteriologist, for the United States Army Biological Warfare Laboratories (USBWL), to work at Camp Detrick.[1] The installation established the top secret U.S. bioweapons program in 1943.[4] Frank Olson worked with Pediatrician Harold Abramson in research experiments with aerosolized anthrax.[5] Abramson was an early advocate of therapeutic LSD.[6]

In May 1952, Frank Olson was appointed to the committee for Project Artichoke, an experimental US interrogation program.[7][8]

According to investigative journalist Gordon Thomas, British psychiatrist William Sargant stated that Frank Olson had become a security threat and his access to military facilities should be limited.[4] The Rockefeller Commission report in 1975,[9] indicated that Frank Olson had been dosed with LSD, without his knowledge, nine days before his death.[10][3]

In 1975, it was revealed to the public for the first time that unethical experiments were being conducted on both unwitting and cognizant human subjects[11] as part of an extensive program known as MKUltra. The limited details of the program was contained in a report prepared by the Inspector General's office in 1963. In a prepared Statement by Admiral Stansfield Turner, the program's agenda was to find out how to influence and control human behavior through the use of psychoactive drugs such as LSD and mescaline, and other chemical, biological, and psychological means.[12]

In 1994, the Olson family had Frank Olson's body exhumed to be buried with his wife. The family decided to have a second autopsy performed to implicate "wrongful death".[3] On September 28, 1994, the U.S. General Accounting Office issued a report which stated that between 1940 and 1974, DOD and other national security agencies studied thousands of human subjects in tests and experiments involving hazardous substances.[13]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 People Pill, Frank Olson Biography
  2. Hersh, Seymour M. (1974-12-22). "Huge C.i.a. Operation Reported in U.s. Against Antiwar Forces, Other Dissidents in Nixon Years". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Wikipedia, Frank Olson#Murder and wrongful death allegations
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ignatieff, Michael (April 1, 2001). "What did the C.I.A. do to Eric Olson's father?". The New York Times Magazine
  5. Regis, Ed (1999). The Biology of Doom: America's Secret Germ Warfare Project. New York: Henry Holt & Company, p.158. ISBN 978-0-80505-764-5.
  6. Wikipedia, Harold Alexander Abramson
  7. Olson, E (2002-08-22). "Family Statement on the Murder of Frank Olson"
  8. Wikipedia, Frank Olson#Work with Army and CIA
  9. "CIA Documents Concerning The Death of Dr. Frank Olson" (PDF). Frank Olson Project. January 11, 1975.
  10. Coen, Bob; Nadler, Eric (2009). Dead Silence: Fear and Terror on the Anthrax Trail. Berkeley: Counterpoint Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-58243-509-1.
  11. Wikipedia, Unethical human experimentation in the United States
  12. Wikipedia, Project MKUltra#Revelation
  13. Wikipedia, Project MKUltra#1994 U.S. General Accounting Office report

Resources[edit | edit source]

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