If one looks at a list of the tallest man-made objects in Europe, then is noticeable that formed Western Europe before end of the cold war there are except Belmont TV mast in Donington on Bain in UK, Torreta de Guardamar in Spain, Gerbrandytoren in the Netherlands, whose height decreased since its completition of 15.7 metres, the radio mast of Emley Moor, which collapsed in 1969 and was replaced by a concrete TV tower and the long wave radio mast in Hellissandur on Iceland no man-made objects, which are taller than 1200 foot (365.25 meters). All these objects have in common that they were built before 1965! Since then in Western Europe no object taller than 1200 foot (365.25 meters) was built, although Western Europe ranked belongs to the richest regions of the world!

For this circumstance may be a secret agreement of the NATO be responsible, which instructs the states of Western Europe, not to give permissions for the structures, which are talling than 1200 foot (365.25 meters)? For the existence of a such agreement speaks the circumstance that there is since 1963 a law, which forbids generally the erectios of man-made structures pf any kind taller than 628.8 metres. Why should not exist a similia regulation in Western Europe?

For the possible existence of a such an agreement speaks the circumstance that one wanted to build for the Deutschlandfunk transmitter in Donebach in 1982 according http://forum.myphorum.de/read.php?f=8773&i=55956&t=54569 two 490 meters tall masts, but than as one received for such masts no construction license by the air traffic control, built two 363 meters tall masts. A request to the DFS led to the result that there is no official law, which prohibits the erection of permanent man-made objects taller than 1200 feet (> 365.25 meters) in Western Europe. There could be however a unofficial regulations in the context of the NATO statute, in which the appropriate authorities of the states of Europe are advised, not to allow the erection of new structures with heights over 1200 foot (> To reject 365.25 meters) in principle. Remarkable is in this content also that the 385 meters high TV mast in Emley Moor, Great Britain, which was built in 1964, was replaced after its collapse of icing on March 19th, 1969 by a just 330 meter high free standing concrete tower. Why was the new concrete tower not built just as highly (or more highly) than as the former mast? A low antenna worsens the television supply at the peripheral areas of the supply area! Completely simply! Because one was not allowed to built at the end of the 60's with a height of more than 365.25 meters!

The 412 meters tall radio mast in Hellissandur was until the beginning of the 90's a part of the North Atlantic LORAN C chain to which also the LORAN C transmitter on Rantum in Sylt belonged. Both stations were LORAN-C Secondaries. But why one was content in Germany with a mast with a height of just 190 meters? A 400 meters tall radio mast on Sylt would have served its task for the radiation of the extremely wide-band (bandwidth 20 kHz, for comparison: the bandwidth of longwave transmitters is 9kHz) of LORAN C signal on the transmitter frequency 100 kHz with a transmitting power of 300kW, lain below the longwave broadcasting band, certainly better done!

In Eastern Europe (outside the former Soviet Union) it might have existed a similar regulation in the context o the Warsaw Pact, in which the appropriate states were instructed, not to allow the erection of permanent man-made structures taller than 1200 ft (365.25 meters). With exception of Poland, where in 1974 a 646 meter high radio mast for longwave broadcasting was built, also in Eastern Europe (outside the former Sowjet Union) no structures taller than 1200 foot (365.25 meters) were built (Berlin TV tower until 1997 365 metres and not 368 meters high).

On the other hand one could interpret the erection of the 646.38 meters tall radio mast in Gabin as heavy offence against the advice of Warsaw Pact not to allow the erection of permanent structures taller than 1200 foot (365.25 meters). As a consequence of this in context of the RGW economic sanctions were hang against Poland, which led after 1980 to strong bottlenecks in this country?

Interestingly in recent years the height of once tallest structures in the European Union were lowered, so today the tallest structure in European Union is Torreta de Guardamar, a military radio mast in Spain.


List of architectural structures in Europe taller than 350 metres[edit | edit source]

Name Structural type Usage Pinnacle height Year Country Town Remarks
Konstantynow Radio Mast guyed mast longwave broadcasting 646 m (2,119 ft) 1974 Poland Gabin-Konstantynów, Masovian Voivodeship collapsed on August 8, 1991 during guy wire exchange, insulated against ground
Ostankino Tower concrete tower observation, FM-/TV-transmission 540 m (1,772 ft) 1967 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Moscow 2000 Fire led to renovation
Troll A platform offshore platform Oil drilling 472 m (1,549 ft) 1996 Norway North Sea 303 meters of height is below sea surface
Dudinka CHAYKA-Mast guyed mast longwave transmission 462 m (1,516 ft) ? Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Dudinka Guyed grounded lattice steel mast equipped with a cage antenna, which was used for transmitting CHAYKA-navigation signals on 100 kHz.
Taymylyr CHAYKA-Mast guyed mast longwave transmission 462 m (1,516 ft) ? Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Taymylyr Guyed grounded lattice steel mast equipped with a cage antenna, which was used for transmitting CHAYKA-navigation signals on 100 kHz. After shutdown demolished on September 24th, 2009 by explosives.
Inta CHAYKA-Mast guyed mast longwave transmission 460 m (1,509 ft) ? Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Inta Guyed grounded lattice steel mast equipped with a cage antenna, which was used for transmitting CHAYKA-navigation signals on 100 kHz.
Central tower of Imeretinskaya VLF-transmitter guyed mast longwave transmission 425 m (1,394 ft) ? Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Imeretinskaya .
Gufuskálar guyed mast longwave transmission 412 m (1,352 ft) 1963 Iceland Hellissandur until mid-1990s used for LORAN-C-transmission, now used for longwave broadcasting of Icelandic Broadcasting Company (Riksutvarpid), insulated against ground
Emley Moor TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 385 m (1,263 ft) 1964 United Kingdom Emley Moor, Yorkshire Collapsed on March 19th, 1969, because of icing, replaced by 330 metre tall concrete tower on same site
Kiev TV Tower lattice tower FM-/TV-transmission 385 m (1,263 ft) 1973 Ukraine (Soviet Union at time of construction) Kiev Tallest lattice tower in the world
Gerbrandy Tower partially guyed tower FM-/TV-transmission 382.5 m (1,255 ft) 1961 Netherlands Lopik Original height: 382.5 metres. 1987: height reduction to 375 metres. Further height reduction to 366.8 metres on August 2nd 2007
Gullfaks C offshore platform Oil drilling 380 m (1,247 ft) 1990 Norway North Sea 217 meters of height is below sea surface
Torreta de Guardamar guyed mast LF-transmission 370 m (1,214 ft) 1962 Spain Guardamar del Segura radio mast used by US-military, actually tallest structure in the EU
Riga Radio and TV Tower concrete tower observation, FM-/TV-transmission 368 m (1,207 ft) 1987 Latvia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Riga tripod construction, resembling to Eiffel Tower
Berlin TV Tower concrete tower observation, FM-/TV-transmission 368 m (1,207 ft) 1969 Germany (GDR at time of construction) Berlin was 362 metre tall, when completed in 1969
Skelton transmitter guyed mast VLF-transmission 365 m (1,198 ft) 2001 UK Skelton, Cumbria insulated against ground
Trbovlje Chimney concrete tower chimney 364 m (1,194 ft) 1976 Slovenia(Yugoslavia at time of construction) Trbovlje tallest chimney in Europe
Donebach transmitter 2 guyed masts longwave transmission 363 m (1,191 ft) 1982 Germany (West Germany)
Piecewo TV Mast Guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 360 m (1,181 ft) 1969 Poland Olsztyn since collapse of Konstantynow Radio Mast tallest man-made object in Poland
Donetsk TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 360 m (1,181 ft) 1992 Ukraine Donetsk
Novosokolniki TV Mast Guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 360 m (1,181 ft) 1995 Russia Novosokolniki
Ingoy longwave transmitter guyed mast longwave transmission 360 m (1,181 ft) 2000 Norway Ingoy grounded, upfed
Sender Zehlendorf, new longwave transmission mast guyed mast longwave /FM-transmission 360 m (1,181 ft) 1979 Germany (GDR at time of construction) Zehlendorf bei Oranienburg, Brandenburg grounded structure with cage antenna
Berlin-Frohnau Radio Relay Link Mast guyed mast directional radio link 360 m (1,181 ft) 1978 Germany (West Germany at time of construction) Berlin-Frohnau, Berlin used for a radio link to Gartow, demolished on February 9th, 2009 by explosives
Endesa Termic concrete tower chimney 356 m (1,168 ft) 1974 Portugal As Pontes, Galicia
FM- and TV-mast Kosztowy guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 355 m (1,165 ft) 1976 Poland Kosztowy
RKS Liblice 2 2 guyed masts FM-/TV-transmissions 355 m (1,165 ft) 1980 Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia at time of construction) Liblice, Ceský Brod tallest masts used for mediumwave broadcasting, grounded structures with cage antennas
Straseni TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 355 m (1,165 ft) 1985 Moldova Straseni
Lipetsk TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 354.6 m (1,163 ft) 1991 Russia Lipetsk
Vinnytsia TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 354 m (1,161 ft) 1961 Ukraine (Soviet Union at time of construction) Vinnytsia
Sosnovy Longwave Radio Mast guyed mast LF-transmission 353.5 m (1,160 ft) ? Belarus (Soviet Union at time of construction) Sosnovy
VLF transmitter DHO38 8 guyed masts VLF-transmission 353 m (1,158 ft) 1982 Germany (West Germany at time of construction)) Saterland-Ramsloh, Lower Saxony insulated against ground
Chimney of Phoenix Copper Smelter concrete tower chimney 352 m (1,155 ft) ? Romania Baia Mare
Belmont TV mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 351.5 m (1,153 ft) 1965 United Kingdom Donington on Bain, Lincolnshire Height originally 387.5 metres. Height reduction between October 2009 and April 2010 in the course of Digital Switchover.
Sender Zehlendorf, old longwave transmission mast guyed mast longwave transmission 351 m (1,152 ft) 1962 Germany (GDR at time of construction) Zehlendorf bei Oranienburg, Brandenburg grounded structure with cage antenna, destroyed on May 18th, 1978 at aircraft collision
Longwave transmitter Allouis guyed masts longwave transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1974 France Allouis first mast built in 1952 was until 1974 308 metres tall, second mast built in 1974
Sendemast SL3 guyed mast longwave transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1968 Germany (GDR at time of construction) Burg bei Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt collapsed on February 18, 1976
Mosolovo TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1968 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Mosolovo
Kolodischi TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1970 Belarus (Soviet Union at time of construction) Minsk
Lipin Bor TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1970 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Lipin Bor
Grigoriopol transmitter, large mediumwave mast guyed mast MW-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) ? Moldova (Soviet Union at time of construction) Mayak collapsed in 1997
Selizharovo TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1971 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Selizharovo
Pinerovka TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1971 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Pinerovka
Ushachi TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1974 Belarus (Soviet Union at time of construction) Ushachi
Yershov TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1974 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Yershov
Tula TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1975/76 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Tula
Novo-Bykovo TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1977 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Vladimir
Rodniki TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1977 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Rodniki
Volga TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1978 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Rybinsk
Kanevskaya TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1979 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Kanevskaya
Stavropol TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1979 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Stavropol
Livny TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1979? Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Livny
Sovetsky TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1984 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Sovetsky, Mari El Republic
Smogiri TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1986 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Smolensk
Varaksino TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1988 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Izhevsk
Tsivilsk TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) 1990 Russia (Soviet Union at time of construction) Tsivilsk
Galich TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) ? Russia Galich
Surgut TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) ? Russia Surgut
Polykovichi TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) ? Belarus Mahilyow/Polykovichi
Novaya Strazha TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) ? Belarus Slonim
Smetanichi TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) ? Belarus Smetanichi
HWU transmitter guyed mast VLF-transmission 350 m (1,148 ft) ? France Rosnay multiple masts
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.