The new virus conspiracy pertains to a retrovirus that was aquired by the United States military at a point of origin in Corona, New Mexico, USA, which led to the establishment of a Special Operations Division, of the most highly classified work, that began in 1949. A suite of research laboratories and pilot plant centers were setup at Camp Detrick, to study the virus. The labs operated during the first half of the Cold War. Up until 1968, hundreds of aerosolized stimulant field tests were conducted and drugs were developed, at Detrick, for use in "brainwashing" and interrogation.
Joint task force[edit | edit source]
In the United Kingdom, the Common Cold Unit (CCU) or Common Cold Research Unit (CCRU) was a unit of the British Medical Research Council which undertook laboratory and epidemiological research on the “common cold” between 1946 and 1989. It was set up on the site of the Harvard Hospital, a former military hospital at Harnham Down near Salisbury in Wiltshire.
Human coronaviruses, which are responsible for about 10% of common colds, were first isolated from volunteers at UK’s CCR unit in 1965. The CCRU continually recruited volunteers for research into the common cold until its closure in 1989. The final director was David Tyrrell, who was credited along with June Almeida, for coining the term “coronavirus”. The word “coronavirus” was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal Nature to designate the new family of viruses.
The group of virologists were namely, D. M. Berry, C. H. Cunningham, D. Hamre, M. S. Hofstad, L. Mallucci, K. McIntosh, and D. A. Tyrell, who were already using the name “coronavirus” in their studies c. 1965. They gave the superficial etymology of “recalling the solar corona” in appearance. But, it’s believed that the name actually came from the point of origin—Corona, New Mexico, USA.
Both coronaviruses and retroviruses contain only single-stranding RNA, but are classified differently. In the taxonomic system coronaviruses are in the family Coronaviridae, while retroviruses are in the Retroviridae family. Using the Baltimore classification, the difference between the two viruses is the mode of infection of the host.
The retrovirus transcribes RNA to DNA and inserts itself into the host's DNA to make copies. This makes it a Class VI virus.
Coronavirus is a Class IV virus and is a positive sense single-stranded RNA virus that can replicate itself by acting as messenger RNA to make proteins facilitating making copies of itself. Dengue, MERS, and SARS are in this very large group of viruses.
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- David R. Franz, D.V.M., PH.D.; Cheryl D. Parrott; and Ernest T. Takafuji, M.D., M.P.H., "Chapter 19 -THE U.S. BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AND BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE PROGRAMS", Air University, n.d
- Wikipedia, Chemical Corps#Post World War II and Korea War, 1945–53
- Wikipedia, United States Army Biological Warfare Laboratories
- Wikipedia, United States Army Biological Warfare Laboratories#Operations
- "MAJ Intelligence Committee, 1st Annual Report". 1952. p. 5.
- Tyrrell DA, Fielder M (2002). Cold Wars: The Fight Against the Common Cold. Oxford University Press. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-19-263285-2.
- Wikipedia, Coronavirus#Etymology
- Almeida JD, Berry DM, Cunningham CH, Hamre D, Hofstad MS, Mallucci L, McIntosh K, Tyrrell DA (November 1968). "Virology: Coronaviruses". Nature. 220 (5168): 650. Bibcode:1968Natur.220..650.. doi:10.1038/220650b0.
- Estola T (1970). "Coronaviruses, a New Group of Animal RNA Viruses". Avian Diseases. 14 (2): 330–336. doi:10.2307/1588476. ISSN 0005-2086. JSTOR 1588476.
- study.com, Is the coronavirus a retrovirus?