Pine Gap is the commonly used name for an Australian Earth station approximately 18 km south-west of the town of Alice Springs, Northern Territory in the centre of Australia which is operated by both Australia and the United States. Since 1988, it has been officially called the Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap (JDFPG); previously, it was known as Joint Defence Space Research Facility (See Exopolitics, Space force).
- See also: Big Brother
Pine Gap is a global surveillance facility that is partly run by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) and U.S. National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). The station is a key contributor to the NSA's global interception effort, which included the ECHELON program. The unclassified cover term for the NSA facility at Pine Gap is RAINFALL.
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- Ryan Gallagher, The U.S. Spy Hub in the Heart of Australia, The Intercept, August 20, 2017.
- The Mars Records (2000), by Stephanie Relfe, p.89, 90
- Wikipedia, Pine Gap